Mr. Suyubayev has been under regular medical check-up by the Nur-Sultan Multidisciplinary Mental Health Centre, and has been followed up by psychiatrists as a category II disabled person since 2014.
Since December 2019, Mr. Suyubayev has been defending the right of citizens to peaceful assembly, and since March 2020 he has been a member of a Telegram chat group of Koshe Partiyasy, an unregistered opposition party. On 19 May 2020, the Esil District Court in the city of Astana banned Koshe Partiyasy labelling it as extremist, although independent observers and human rights activists view it as politically motivated because the party have never called for nor exercised any violence.
On 15 April 2020, Mr. Suyubayev made a statement on his Facebook page demanding the release of civil activist Alimzhan Izbasarov from a psychiatric clinic in Taraz.
On 16 April 2020, Mr. Suyubayev was detained and forcibly hospitalized in the Oblast Mental Health Centre. According to a police report, Mr. Suyubayev had to be detained and forcibly hospitalized because he allegedly violated public order and law, blaming all the problems on the “powers-at-be,” or in other words expressed his disagreement with the society’s moral and political values.
On the arrival at the psychiatric clinic, the on-duty physician recommended that Mr. Suyubayev sign a voluntary consent to treatment at once, so as to “not make matters worse.”
On 21 April 2020, or five days into his forced hospitalization, a medical advisory commission recommended that Mr. Suyubayev be put on a treatment with drug. However, his mother Kurmanay Suyubayeva filed a written refusal from the proposed treatment and any other medical intervention by the Regional Mental Health Centre.
Over the entire course of his stay at the Oblast Mental Health Centre (16 April to 6 May 2020), the management of the facility failed to provide Mr. Suyubayev with an opportunity to see his lawyer, citing a quarantine due to which visitations were restricted.
On 4 May 2020, an attorney for Mr. Suyubayev filed a civil lawsuit with Aktobe Court No. 3 seeking to invalidate the opinion of the psychiatric commission on the forced hospitalization into a mental health centre, maintaining that both the examination and ensuing hospitalization of Mr. Suyubayev had been done in violation of the Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan on the Public Health and Healthcare System. Mr. Suyubayev is sane, has a good level or orientation in time, space and his own personality, and his forced placement in a psychiatric facility may be regarded as a punishment for dissent.
On 6 May 2020, Mr. Suyubayev was discharged from the Oblast Mental Health Centre.
Legal assistance to Mr. Suyubayev has been provided by an advocate with the support of the Kazakhstan International Bureau for Human Rights and the Rule of Law.